How will Covid-19/Coronavirus Affect my Alternative Investment Portfolio? Part 43: December 19th
Updated: Feb 8
3rd U.S. death wave soars to new records; Crystal ball: Reprieve or calm before the storm? Third wave of infections slow while holidays loom; World round up: Disastrous week as South Korea loses its lid on the virus, Sweden's King says the country "has failed," much of Europe backtracks, and U.K. stumbles against super contagious and concerning mutation; State Roundup: Covid-19 patients overload hospitals and the dead overload mortuaries in hard-hit states like California, Missouri and North Carolina; Georgia’s Bellwether economic recovery: revisited in one week; Economy once again hammered by record new unemployment, as jobs recovery backs up into unwanted reverse; Financial cliff: Huge progress, a stumbling block, and extra time added to make a deal; Moderna vaccine authorized by FDA for emergency use in the U.S.; London hammered by highly contagious virus mutation that's "70% more transmissible" than original and forced to go into major lockdown; Sunday morning update: U.K. says super-contagious mutation is "out of control", harsh lockdowns may not be lifted for “months” and it has already spread elsewhere; Covid-19 “long haulers” may take more than a year to recover; Update on my portfolio strategy.
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This week there was a torrent of new information on virus spread, economic impact, investment repercussions, as well as more news on vaccines and the virus itself.
This article is part of a multi-article series that's been published weekly since the pandemic began, back in March 2020. It started with three introductory articles on the virus and its effect on the economy and on alternative investment classes. Then it moved on to weekly updates on the latest and greatest developments (along with weekly updates on my evolving personal portfolio strategy). You can see the links to every article in the series here.
3rd U.S. Death Wave Soars To New Records
For the 32nd week in a row, the United States battled the coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2, which causes the Covid-19 disease. And as of Saturday morning, the official death toll had climbed to 322,186 (versus 302,762 last Saturday morning). Here's a quick summary of what's happened so far:
The first U.S. death wave started in early March. It was overwhelmingly in urban areas (like New York City in the Northeast). It peaked on April 21st and the country fought it down until July 6th.
The second death wave started on July 7th. This ran predominantly through urban areas in the Sun Belt. It peaked on August 1st, before falling until October 8th.
Then the third death wave began on October 9th and is currently tracking upwards. Unlike earlier waves, this was led by rural areas (although now it is spreading across the entire country and surging in all areas).
How did things go this week?
This week, deaths again skyrocketed to new heights. And they continued to shatter the grisly death record that was set back in the dark, early days of the pandemic (and which many had assumed we’d never see again). Unlike the two previous waves, this third one is widely distributed throughout the country, which many experts say will make it much more difficult to contain and to fight. And as we discussed in late October, this has already caused acute shortages of critical drugs and key medical personnel needed to fight the disease and limit deaths. On the other hand, many states have enacted varying lockdowns which may start to kick in and change the trajectory. So we’ll be watching this very closely to see what happens.
Crystal ball: reprieve or calm before the storm? Third wave of infections slows while holidays loom.
If we're unable to make clear progress and deaths remain high, then the overwhelming consensus of economists is that this would sabotage hopes of a quick, V-shaped recovery. Instead, the recovery would assume a different shape (W-shaped, U-shaped, etc.). This would be slower, involve more long-term damage to both health and economy, and potentially cause problems for some or many consumers, businesses and investments. (See part 14 for more information on the possible "recovery shapes" and their ramifications). Since this is potentially so important, let's take a look at one of the leading indicators of upcoming deaths: virus infections. Virus infections tend to lead deaths by anywhere from 2 to 8 weeks(depending on how long it takes someone to die and how long it takes their particular location to report the information). These case numbers are not completely reliable due to testing labs' difficulties, in many parts of the country, with getting results back on time. And some states are not reporting all of the positive tests (specifically, the antigen tests). But they can still provide a clue of what might lie ahead with deaths. How did virus infections look, this week?
On one hand, the United States’ infection numbers continued to climb and set new record highs for the pandemic. But, for the third week in a row, the rate of increase has slowed down. And it’s giving an early sign that we’re possibly reaching the peak. If that happens, it would be welcome news. And we’ll continue monitoring to see. On the other hand, epidemiologists have repeatedly expressed the fear that many Americans would be likely to ignore health advice and mingle with family and friends outside of their homes during the holidays. And if this happens, we would expect to see another surge. Unfortunately, the 3rd wave hasn’t been much of a surprise so far. As we discussed in early September, many health experts predicted this would be the inevitable result of lax behavior over the Labor Day weekend (September 7). And that itself wasn't a difficult prediction to make, since the exact same thing happened after the lax behavior over the Memorial Day weekend (May 23)… which ended all progress against the first wave and triggered the second. (See "Forgetting History and Doomed to Repeat It: Will Labor Day Launch the Third Wave, like Memorial Day Kicked Off the Second Wave?"). Sadly, so far, they've been right. Further below, we’ll take a closer look at what happened at the U.S. state level, to better understand what might happen next. But first, let’s complete our look at the rest of the world for the week.
World round up: disastrous week as South Korea loses its lid on the virus, Sweden's King says the country "has failed," much of Europe backtracks and U.K. stumbles against super contagious and concerning mutation
How did other countries do this week? As we discussed in part six, South Korea uses an aggressive mixture of the Three T's of epidemic control (testing, tracing and treatment). And through most of the epidemic, it has been one of the world leaders in both minimizing deaths (one of the lowest per million) and also minimizing economic damage (their economy is now mostly open and growth is projected to barely shrink this year, while in comparison, the U.S. still has significant closures and is projected to take a -5.9% hit to GDP). This week, South Korea looked like this:
Unfortunately, this was a very bad week for South Korea. Not only have they accelerated into a third death wave, but they have now exceeded the peak of their first wave.
On the other hand, the biggest positive for Southern Korea is that (at least so far) their rates have been extraordinarily low compared to virtually every other country in the world. This has been a major factor allowing them to keep their economy open while suffering far less damage than virtually everyone else. And this week again, the South Korean economy continued to remain predominantly open for business. How is Sweden doing? We used to look at Sweden’s stats in depth every week, because it was following an unorthodox lockdown-lite strategy. And the hope was that it might prove itself as a successful alternate model for other countries to follow. But after a recent surge of infections, hospitalizations and deaths, they’re reversing course and their strategy is becoming much more similar to others. And so far, lockdown-lite has resulted in worse economic damage and a stratospheric death toll (versus the top countries). So we are now switching to a one-month schedule (and we will look at their stats in detail in three weeks).
But this week, the country made headlines when Swedish King Carl XVI Gustaf offered an unusual and scathing commentary on the country's strategy:
“I think we have failed. The people of Sweden have suffered tremendously in difficult conditions. We have a large number who have died and that is terrible.”
“Of course, the fact that so many have died can't be considered as anything other than a failure.”
Meanwhile, the other nations in Europe have been hit by a brutal second wave of deaths. Initially, the continent was bruised badly by the first wave, but used aggressive lockdowns to drive infections and deaths to extremely low levels. So then, countries loosened travel restrictions and reopened schools (despite warnings from many health experts). And, as colder weather hit, the death toll has skyrocketed. So authorities were forced to enact a variety of new lockdowns (which we've described in detail in previous weeks). So how are things going? First, let’s look at Spain. The country is a popular travel destination and was one of the first to get hit by the second wave. And, in the last two months, they've been battling an increasingly bad situation. But in the last couple weeks, they finally peaked and deaths mercifully dropped off a little bit. This gave hope that they might finally be getting control of things and turning the corner. How did they do this week?
This week brought some continued, welcome progress. Let’s hope this continues. How did some of their neighbors in Europe do? Here's the U.K., France, the Netherlands and Belgium.
This was a disappointing week for Belgium and the Netherlands. Both previously appeared to have gotten control of the second wave, but this week backtracked, and moved in the opposite direction. The United Kingdom and France both very slightly improved over last week, potentially turning the corner on their second wave. But, progress has been agonizingly slow. And this weakness leaves both countries more open to backsliding. So overall, Europe is showing a lot more mixed signals than it was a week ago. Will continue to watch them and see what happens.
State Roundup: Covid-19 patients overload hospitals and the dead overload mortuaries in hard-hit states like California, Missouri and North Carolina
For the last several months, we've watched individual U.S. states to get insights on what might happen next at the national level. And here's what we saw:
Second Wave: After the Memorial Day weekend (in May), we saw the second wave of infections (and eventually deaths) start in the Sunbelt and then spread to the Midwest and Northeast. And the people getting infected were significantly younger than those afflicted by the first wave (many of whom were going to parties and bars). In response, many states put in place virus control measures, including reinstatements of key portions of lockdowns and rules mandating the wearing of masks (in more than 50% of states). And the Sunbelt states made huge progress and fought the wave back down.
Third Wave: Then after the Labor Day weekend (in September) the U.S. also reopened schools and cooler weather began in the north. Almost immediately, a third wave began. While this started in just the Midwest and Northeast, it then spread across every major area of the country. And while earlier waves hit mostly urban areas, this new wave was led by rural places Also, since the wave is spreading much wider spread than before, there are now chronic shortages of 29 of the 40 most crucial drugs needed to treat Covid-19 as well as crucially needed medical personnel in many areas.
What happened this week? Let’s start with California first.
These are all very bad-looking graphs. Infections, deaths and hospitalizations all skyrocketed. And all three set pandemic highs. Last week, automatic “circuit breakers” kicked in and enforced lockdowns when ICU capacity dropped below 15% in many areas. But it generally takes time (weeks) for these countermeasures to take effect. In the meantime, here’s what happened to infections, deaths and hospitalizations: This week, multiple ICU's in hospitals across Southern California eclipsed full capacity. Randy Loveless, the interim director of St. Mary’s Emergency Department in Southern California, said:
“Every day we’re running at 200, 250 percent capacity. That includes the emergency department, the ICU, all of the inpatient units. We have well over double the number of patients that we were built to house.”
As a result, patients are being treated in hallways, lobbies and other improvised wards.
“I don’t think that most of the general public around the area really understands what’s going on inside the walls of the hospital. I’ve been doing this 25 years. I’ve been all over the country with my career. I’ve never seen anything like this.… And one of the worst things about it is there’s no end in sight.”
The hospital's quality director, Mendey Hickey, said she and all the staff have been working 12 to 15 hour shifts.
“Today we have 140 Covid patients in a 213-bed hospital. It’s only going to get worse before it gets better. We are canceling surgeries. We’re canceling all procedures. We’re pulling staff from administrative offices. We are getting nurses competent to take care of patients that have not done so in years."
Staff shortages can be particularly painful, because many procedures can't be done without staff. For example, as we discussed in previous weeks, "proning" (or laying a patient on their stomach) has been found to drastically improve outcomes of intubated patients. But this strenuous and delicate task can require half a dozen staff members and has to be repeated every 18 hours.
Additionally, anti-mask sentiment runs high in Apple Valley, and healthcare workers say the public approach to following health measures has been cavalier. Charlie Abraham, St. Mary’s Chief Medical Officer, said:
“There are some of us, you know, that had the initial doubts about how real this virus is, how aggressive it is. What’s happening here in this hospital particularly, is just an example of how threatening it is and how aggressively this virus tends to evolve. This virus is not only attacking our bodies, but also threatening our way of life.”
Meanwhile, the Sunset Hills Memorial Park and Mortuary in Apple Valley, California, has staff working 24-hour shifts to keep up with Covid-19 deaths. Nearby, the Victor Valley Memorial Park and Mortuary ran out of space and is storing dead bodies in cold storage units.
This week, Gov. Gavin Newsom announced the state had ordered an additional 5000 body bags along with 60 refrigeration units to store dead bodies. Let’s switch gears and look at North Carolina. How did it do this week?
These are also tragic graphs. North Carolina’s new infections, hospitalizations and deaths all increased and all set pandemic high records. The secretary of the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services, Dr. Mandy Cohan, said:
"I am very worried for our state. Everyone must act right now to protect each other. Do not wait until it's you or your loved one sick with COVID-19 to wear a mask, stay apart from others and wash your hands often. Do not wait until it's you or your loved one alone in a hospital bed. Do not wait until you've lost a loved one to this pandemic. Take personal responsibility for you, your loved ones and your community now."
Doris Pope, of Harnett County, could barely breathe when she tested positive for Covid-19 a few weeks ago. A few days later, her husband of 61 years, Sherwood Pope, also went to the hospital. Both had beds next to each other. This week, both died, holding hands, with their hospital beds pushed together. Shelton Pope, their youngest son, said, “She loved that man and he loved her. It was the hardest thing anybody had to do… They passed away holding hands. Apparently, dad left first, and she was a minute or two later."
Although their story was tragic, in their demographic, this situation has actually been quite typical for Harnett County, where the majority of Covid-19 deaths are occurring in older white people. This is in contrast to the country overall, where minorities have been hit harder. In Harnett, 63% of the deaths are happening to whites, and 59% of deaths to those aged 75 or more. This same trend has been in place in the county since March. Let’s look at another state: Missouri:
These are also terrible-looking graphs. Missouri’s new infections, hospitalizations and deaths are all moving in the wrong direction. And all set pandemic high records. For weeks, Missouri doctors and Gov. Mike Parson have been at odds. The doctors warned that hospitals were reaching a critical point. But the governor insisted data showed that was plenty of room. Last week, an analysis by Kansas City public radio found that the Missouri hospital data’s numbers have been overinflated for months. After a reporting change, they started including beds for things like psychiatric, obstetric, outpatients and even pediatric beds, which had not been included previously. The Missouri health department’s spokeswoman Lisa Cox claimed this was "to provide a full sense of healthcare system capacity." However, many hospital doctors said it would never be feasible for many of these types of beds to treat Covid-19 patients. Dr. Mary Anne Jackson is Dean of the University of Missouri – Kansas City School of Medicine and an infectious disease specialist who serves on a COVID-19 task force that advises the Governor. She said:
“That clearly muddied the view of what we have available."
“The current mood is very bleak. No one knows there are no beds, that we’re in this crisis, and we’re coming to a point where we’re going to be completely overwhelmed. But no one’s talking about it, and no one knows about it.”
Mercy Hospital chief operating officer Brent Hubbard said:
“We’re seeing the surge right now. We’re seeing a record number of COVID-positive patients being hospitalized, and that’s not just overwhelming our [emergency rooms], it’s overwhelming our inpatient staff, and is a growing concern for us.”
Like in other states, the biggest issue though, is not raw beds themselves, but the staff required to maintain beds.
Dr. Mary Anne Jackson of University of Missouri Kansas City Hospital, said
“We’re going to find the beds, more than likely. But we’re not going to find the health care workers to man those beds. That’s what I’m most concerned about.”
Georgia’s bellwether economic recovery: revisited in one week
(Note: Georgia’s economy is now being reviewed only once a month, as described below. So this section has no new updates, and we’ll be revisiting the state fully in one week). One of the most important questions for investments (as well as for the health of the country) is "what will the shape and speed of the recovery be?" If it's V-shaped and quick, then many investments will be just fine. On the other hand, if it's one of the other shapes (U-shaped, swoosh, etc.), then some or many investments could run into problems. (See part 14 for more information on the possible "recovery shapes" and their ramifications). To monitor the evolving situation, we've been watching Georgia very closely. It was one of the first states to reopen. So we expected this to make it a useful early indicator of what could be in store for some other parts of the nation. Back on April 24, Georgia Governor Brian Kemp reopened nail salons, hairdressers, bowling alleys and gyms (as long as they followed state protocols). Then, three days later, restaurants and theaters were also allowed to reopen. So they've effectively been open for about 6 months. How are they doing? Since there's no official government or state data on this, we've previously looked at Placer.ai. This is a service which tracks mobile phone usage to different types of businesses to measure foot traffic. And we've watched them week by week across all of Georgia's four primary Covid-19 sensitive industries: restaurants, retail, fitness, and hotels. How’s that gone over the last six or seven months? We've seen different sectors moving back and forth during that time, as well as different individual businesses in those sectors. But overwhelmingly, results have ranged from disappointing to dismal. And while there have been occasional spurts of improvement to celebrate, these have almost always been quickly followed by disappointing backtracking. So at this point, the Georgia experiment has failed to achieve its goal of a V-shaped recovery. This is why I’ve called a halt to the weekly monitoring of the state and will only be checking in monthly. We will look again in one more week.
Economy once again hammered by record new unemployment, as jobs recovery backs up into unwanted reverse;
Unemployment has historically been one of the most reliable indicators of when the U.S. has entered a recession and when its left one. So that's why we examine it very closely, every week. And unfortunately, over the last 29 weeks, the economy has been hammered week after week by massive levels of new unemployment. This week was no different, with 885,000 people newly unemployed. Not only was this no improvement from last week (85,3000), but for the second week in a row, the number went up.
Unfortunately, at eight months into the pandemic, we’re still getting weekly job losses that are more than three times the pre-pandemic level. Back in June, virtually no one expected the continuing damage to last this long. Meanwhile, as we've talked about every week for the last several months: "continuing claims" are also a useful statistic to look at within this report. Jobless claims only tell us who lost jobs over the last week, but continuing claims removes the ones who have been rehired. On the other hand, this statistic isn't perfect, because people who stay unemployed for a large number of weeks lose state benefits and fall off of the statistic. However, these people then show up in the Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation (PEUC) stat. But this number also has the same problem (people lose this benefit after 13 weeks of unemployment). And at that point, these people have nowhere else to go and simply fall out of both statistics and “disappear”. This can cause the numbers to give the appearance of improvement, while the underlying situation is not actually improving. Also, as we talked about in early December, the U.S. Government Accountability Office (a non-partisan government watchdog) found that statistical issues are causing both under- and over-counting of the PEUC stats. So they should not be viewed as individual people. Still, virtually all economists agree that over time, many of the inaccuracies tend to even out and the trend is still useful to look at. So how did continuing claims look this week? This week, continuing claims also declined by 273,000 to 5.51 million. Bloomberg economist Eliza Winger said:
“The labor market is showing clear signs of deterioration. We expect the trend to persist amid a sharp rise in virus cases and subsequent business restrictions weighing on employment conditions.”
Rubeela Farooqi, chief U.S. economist at High Frequency Economics, said:
“The health crisis is likely to get worse after the upcoming holiday which will translate into even wider limitations on activity, business closures and mounting job losses.
Combined with lapsing federal support programs, the impact on incomes and spending will be substantial, which will weigh on growth prospects in the near term.”
However, if Congress and the President can agree on additional aid and stimulus, then that collapse could be averted. More on this in the next section on the financial cliff.
Financial cliff: Huge progress, a stumbling block, and extra time added to make a deal
As we've discussed over the last several months, there's a huge, but invisible problem with the economy, that's largely unrecognized by the general public. But an overwhelming consensus of economists, analysts (across the political spectrum) and policymakers at the highest levels (including the Federal Reserve) all agree that it's essential we find a solution to it. And if we don't, millions of Americans and businesses are destined to fall over a financial cliff with devastating long-term consequences. If this happens, then we may suffer a debilitating double dip recession (the dreaded "w-shaped recovery"). And investors in many alternative investment asset classes (including certain real estate sectors) could be caught up in a world of hurt. This financial cliff is caused by several things:
Impending collapse of crucial safety nets: On December 26, 10-12 million people who lost jobs due the crisis are scheduled to lose critical benefits they're currently depending on. These were provided by two government programs created by the stimulus package passed by the government earlier in the year. The first is the Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation (PEUC), which gives workers, who've been unemployed so long that they've exhausted state unemployment benefits, an additional 13-week lifeline. The second is the Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) for workers in the gig economy who are otherwise unable to get the same benefits that traditional workers receive when they lose their jobs. If they don't get any additional help, the damage to the economy will be severe, immediate and potentially long-lasting.
Foreclosure and rental eviction tsunami: in January 2021, moratoriums on evictions and foreclosures are scheduled to expire. If this happens, then a tidal wave of 8 million delinquent homeowners are set to be foreclosed on and lose their homes (dwarfing the worst of the Great Recession). And 12 million more delinquent renters (owing an average of $5850 in back rent and utilities and $7.2 billion in total by the end of the year) will be evicted, as well. If the tsunami is allowed to occur, then it will have a devastating effect on real estate and the wider economy.
Student loan resumption: The CARES Act suspended payments and interest on $1.7 trillion in student debt during the pandemic. And the Federal Reserve estimated this saved borrowers from paying about $7 billion a month. But on January 1st, this protection is scheduled to be lifted and payment will become due. If this is allowed to occur, it has the potential to exacerbate the other two issues.
All of these things could be solved if Congress and the President could agree to pass a new stimulus law. However, over the last several months, efforts to do that have been stymied by enough twists and turns to write a novel. Here’s the very quick summary:
One political party (which we’ll call the "large stimulus party") controls the House of Representatives and passed a $3.5 trillion stimulus bill in May. They later downsized it and passed a $2.2 trillion bill in October. In early December they dropped further and agreed to a $908 trillion baseline compromise plan created by a group of senators in both parties.
The other party (which we'll call the "small stimulus party") controls the Senate. Its leadership proposed a $1 billion plan, but could not get enough support from its own members to pass a bill. This was downsized to $500 million, but had insufficient internal consensus to pass a bill. Then in December, some small stimulus party senators contributed to the bi-partisan compromise plan for $908 trillion dollars.
The White House has held a variety of positions, from less than $1 billion to higher than $2.2 trillion. After the election it temporarily withdrew from negotiations but more recently returned.
The President-elect is from the large stimulus party and is scheduled to be sworn in on January 20. He expressed his support for the compromise plan as a “down payment” for further action later.
Control of the Senate will be determined by two January 5th Senate seat runoffs in Georgia. If the small stimulus party wins at least one seat, then nothing will change and they will retain control. On the other hand, if the large stimulus party wins both seats, then additional stimulus is expected to be a slam-dunk. Currently, analysts believe the most likely scenario is that seats will be split between the two parties which would result in no change in the lack of new stimulus. However, this is unpredictable and we'll continue to monitor it.
What happened this week?
From Monday through Friday, the $908 billion compromise plan gained momentum. And all three parties agreed progress was being made, and expressed optimism early in the week that a deal might happen by Friday.
However, on Thursday night, Senator Pat Toomey (from the small stimulus party) threw a potential monkey wrench into the works. He demanded a provision that would bar the Federal Reserve from restarting the five coronavirus relief programs that expire at the end of the year.
Jeremy Kress, an assistant professor of business law at the University of Michigan, and a former Fed attorney, said:
“I am concerned that this provision would tie the Fed’s hands, not just in the short term during the coronavirus pandemic, but also handcuff the Fed in the long-term when responding to unforeseen crises in the future.”
Additionally, Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell and colleagues had already made clear they opposed such a plan, for those reasons. And senators from the large stimulus party also objected, claiming that this was an attempt to sabotage the bill.
As of Saturday night, there was still no agreement. And technically, time had runout. That's because any stimulus bill passed before the end of the year would need to be tied to a new omnibus government spending bill that secures funding through September and would avert a government shutdown.
Fortunately, both sides were able to extend the clock into overtime. Late Friday night, the White House announced that it had signed a bill passed by both houses of Congress that would extend current funding for two more days (until midnight Sunday). So this gives everyone two more days to reach an agreement. And technically, another short-term extension could be done if necessary.
Steny Hoyer, the number two House member of the large stimulus party advised lawmakers to be available through the weekend and into next week.
Moderna vaccine authorized by FDA for emergency use in the U.S.
On Friday, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized the emergency use of the Moderna vaccine pretreatment of Covid-19. That makes it the second vaccine to receive authorization in two weeks. Like the previous vaccine from Pfizer, it is also utilizes the revolutionary mRNA technique. Not only did this allow development in record time, but also achieved a much better than expected 94.1% effectiveness.
Unlike Pfizer’s, Moderna’s vaccine can be stored in normal freezers and doesn't require expensive, new freezers to store at ultra low temperatures. This should make it much easier and cheaper to deploy.
Still, demand will far exceed the available supply for a while. Moderna hopes to produce 20 million doses for the U.S. by the end of the year. Since that is a two dose regimen that would treat 10 million people. In comparison, there are almost 335 million people in the United States.
The company hopes to produce another 85 million to 100 million doses (to treat 42.5 million to 50 million additional people) by the end of the first quarter of 2021.
London locks down again after being hammered by highly contagious mutation that's "70% more transmissible" than original
We've been following the U.K. every week, for many months. And for the last couple of months, the country has been fighting a brutal second wave. But over the last few weeks, the death rate’s growth was finally slowing down. And they looked like they might be turning the corner.
But, on Saturday, British Prime Minister Mr. Boris Johnson announced some bad news. A new mutation of the virus, which was originally detected in southeast England in September, has now become the dominant strain in London and other areas of Britain. And it's also believed to be highly contagious and "70% more transmissible" than the original.
Britain’s chief science adviser, Patrick Vallance, said this new variant has 23 different mutations. And most of these mutations involve the virus’s distinctive spike protein, which is the physical structure that allows the virus to bind to cells in an exposed person and infect them. Valance said:
“[The] virus has taken off after being observed for months. And it’s moving fast and has led to a sharp increase in hospitalizations."
How are new infections doing in the country? Here’s a look:
After making initial progress fighting back the second wave of infections, the country has backtracked considerably in the last two weeks. And sadly, the virus appears to be spreading uncontrollably and is close to setting pandemic highs.
So far, UK health officials say there is no proof that the variant is any less or more deadly than the original. Nor is there any proof that it is more or less resistant to antibodies or vaccines. But based on just the contagious factor alone, health officials have recommended cracking down with more restrictions, to avoid larger problems across the country.
As a result, London and the southeast and east of England will enter the highest level of "Tier 4" restrictions. All nonessential shops will be closed along with gyms, hair salons, pubs, restaurants and theaters. Travel in and out is no longer allowed. People have been instructed to leave their homes only for food, medicine, medical appointments, outdoor exercise and travel to work (although working from home is encouraged). All gatherings are banned, other than certain exceptions for religious services.
Prime Minister Johnson said:
“We, of course, bitterly regret the changes. [But] when the virus changes its method of attack, we as a country have to change our method of defense."
Sunday Morning Update: U.K. says super-contagious mutation is "out of control", harsh lockdowns may not be lifted for “months” and it has already spread elsewhere
"This is deadly serious.... The new strain of the coronavirus is out of control. Cases have absolutely sky-rocketed… This is a deadly disease, we need to keep it under control, and it has been made more difficult by this new variant." He also added ominously:
“I think it will be very difficult to keep it under control until the vaccine has rolled out. So we can see the way out through this but it is going to be a difficult few months.”
More than 16 million people are now required to stay at home after last night's lockdown went into effect this morning for London and southeast England. Originally, the government had planned to relax the rules for socializing on Christmas. But Hancock clarified:
“We made the commitment not knowing that there was going to be a new variant that spreads so much faster."
He also added that:
"There is no evidence” that the new strain -- VUI-202012/01 -- is milder than the original virus."
…which contradicted rumors claiming that it was. On the other hand, there is also no evidence that it is more fatal either.
However, hopes from earlier in the week that the mutation might be successfully contained in the U.K. appear to have already been dashed. Worrisomely, Hancock announced that the new variant has also now been spotted in Australia and continental Europe. The U.K.'s chief scientific officer, Sir Patrick Vallance, said that the new strain was first detected in September in the Southeast U.K. But it spread quickly and by the middle of November made up 28% of all new Covid-19 infections in the capital city of London. By December 9, that had skyrocketed to 62%. According to Sir Patrick:
On Sunday morning, the Netherlands said that it had detected a local case of the strain the previous day (on December 19).
The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that 9 cases have been detected in Denmark as well as one in the Netherlands and another in Australia. A spokesperson for WHO Europe said:
"Across Europe, where transmission is intense and widespread, countries need to redouble their control and prevention approaches.”
Italy, Belgium and Austria have announced they have stopped all flights and trains from Britain. And Ireland, France and Germany are considering similar measures.
Covid-19 “Long Haulers” may take more than a year to recover
Most people think that there are only two possible outcomes from getting Covid-19. Either a person is in the unlucky minority that die. Or they suffer for two weeks and then they’re back to normal.
However, as we discussed in past weeks, evidence has continued to grow that shows that there’s a third, mostly unrecognized outcome, which has affected thousands. These are patients who continue to suffer months after they are “cured,” from debilitating symptoms including chronic fatigue, severe shortness of breath, short-term memory issues and inability to concentrate. Many of them have banded together in support groups and recovery clinics and call themselves Covid-19 “long haulers.”
Dr. Greg Vanichkachorn, an occupational medicine specialist at Mayo Clinic, runs one such clinic. And he said that, while the exact percentage of people who develop what doctors are now calling “post-Covid syndrome” is unknown, he can nonetheless report:
"It's not something that is rare".
He also said most of these people are not elderly and many were in excellent physical condition beforehand:
“I think one of the real startling things about this is that those kind of patients, hospitalized patients or the elderly, don’t make up the majority of the patients we have been seeing,” he added. “In fact, many of the patients we are seeing are younger in age and are quite healthy and physically fit before their Covid infection. So unfortunately, it does seem like this is something anybody can comedown with after their infection.”
This matches up with the surveys we have seen of Long-Hauler recovery groups, showing that a large number were very healthy beforehand.
The most common symptom is fatigue. But he explains that this fatigue is not something to be underestimated:
“It’s not just like any fatigue, like the fatigue we get from a bad night of sleep, but rather profound fatigue. Patients will say that doing something as simple as taking a dog for a walk, going up a flight of steps in their home, can often result in them needing to take a nap or a rest for several hours afterwards.”
Dr. Vanichkachorn’s advice to people recovering from the disease is:
"Be careful not to do too much, too quickly. The recovery may be longer and if they’re too tired or fatigued, they really need to listen to their bodies and pace themselves."
Unfortunately, Long Haulers may be need a slow pace for a very long marathon. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is a cousin of Covid-19, and its victims often suffered similar symptoms. They eventually improved, but, says Vanichkachorn:
“It took quite a bit of time, sometimes even more than a year for them to recover their original function."
Update on My Investment Strategy
Every week, I take a look at the latest developments and data and reevaluate my personal outlook on the possible economic scenarios and my personal investment strategy. This week, I have made no changes and my strategy is essentially the same as last week.
Treatment: Back in May many health experts said we wouldn't get a vaccine for at least two years. But, after I saw unprecedented amounts of resources being thrown against the virus week after week (and their successes), I felt this was overly pessimistic. And on May 21st, I said I thought the chances were good that we would have one vaccine by winter (and with luck we might get two). It turns out the world has been very lucky and we will end up with two right before the end of the year. Unfortunately, as I also predicted in late May: these can't be manufactured and distributed in large enough quantities to immediately treat everyone. Most in the U.S. will have to wait well into 2021). So this will not be enough to super-charge the economy right away. And, there may potentially be a huge quality-of-life difference between the treatment-haves and treatment have-nots. This will be divisive and will exacerbate existing tensions and conflicts between rich and poor countries. And it's likely to cause considerable instability in "have-not" countries that could easily cause unexpected global consequences, not just for themselves but also for the U.S. and the world.
Recession: When the U.S. was first hit by the virus, many pundits claimed the U.S. economy was so strong, it would have little to no effect (or if it did, then it would rebound quickly and things would be back to normal in a jiffy). But, after looking at all of the micro data week after week, I said I couldn't see any way the country could avoid plunging into a technical recession (two consecutive quarters of negative GDP growth). Ultimately that happened (-5% in Q1 and -32.9% in Q2). Then as the Q3 data unfolded week after week I predicted we would see strong double-digit growth but also disappointingly short of the amount needed to break even to where things were before the pandemic. Ultimately both happened: 33.1% increase from rock-bottom but still -3.5% year to date (similar to the worst of the Great Recession at -4%) Going forward I unfortunately believe that all of the easy gains are gone and the rest will be a long, tough slog. Q4 will bring us up modestly but it will still come up short of the amount needed to "break even" to where we would have been in Q4 without the pandemic (and thus well short of a true V-shaped recovery). And then unless we get more stimulus or extension on eviction/foreclosure moratoriums, Q1 of 2021 will be brutal and might even be bad enough to cause a double dip recession.
Shape of the recovery: In part 14, we talked about how the shape of the recovery (V-shaped, U-shaped, swoosh-shaped, W-shaped, L-shaped, combo-shaped etc.) will have a huge effect on the ultimate outcome of many different investments. So far, pretty much everything that's happened has been much worse than the consensus expected. Pretty much no one saw the virus spreading in the U.S. in any meaningful way. Virtually no one came close to imagining that lock-downs would occur in May. Hundreds of thousands more people have been killed than originally projected. And now, even the later May projections, which maxed out at 200,000 dead, have proven to be too optimistic. Tens of millions more people than expected have lost jobs. The stimulus and unemployment aid was enormous, but had too many unexpected holes and didn't get into the hands of millions who needed it the most. States reopened, but were forced to backtrack. Many businesses have reopened, but customers are staying away. So unfortunately, I don't think a quick, V-shaped recovery is going to happen. I would love to be wrong. I'm getting more and more concerned about a very damaging "W", which could come from the second and/or third waves of the virus. Unfortunately, this is looking more and more likely. My slim hope is that the 3rd wave can be controlled and kept small. If this happens... and if the US government also passes a generous stimulus law... then the worst effects of the additional waves could be mitigated. That's a lot of "if's"... so we'll see. And I'll continue to monitor the data very closely. Currently, I still believe we will have a three-stage combo-shaped recovery that starts off (1) quickly as the first "easy" industries and companies come back online (i.e. v-shaped). But (2) this will peter out as the more difficult ones are unable to return, and a slow swoosh will become apparent. If we get a second (or third) lockdown, then this step (2) will become W-shaped and more painful. Then in winter, (3) I believe we will probably see a treatment and/or vaccine. And if we do, then that would be the trigger for the third stage and an accelerated recovery. But this most likely won't be a straight-V recovery, because it will most likely take time to ramp up production and delivery to enough Americans to push towards herd immunity (not until well into 2021). So the boost will be slower and smaller at first. Also, if the first generation medicines don't stop the spread to others (don't have sterilizing immunity) the boost will be even smaller. But, we also could get a little lucky (for example, if we get a successful vaccine treatment that is a newer type that can be scaled up more quickly or is more effective). If so, then the third-stage boost would be faster. If I'm wrong, and we don't get a treatment or vaccine this year, then the economic damage caused by long-term job loss and wage cuts will most likely be very severe, and will further exacerbate (and slow down) whatever type of recovery we do get. That would probably be ugly for the majority of all investments. So let's hope we don't have to find out how that scenario would play out.
Investments: If the above is roughly correct, then it will unfortunately be painful for many individuals and some investors. And some sub-sectors of alternative investing (like certain real estate classes) will come under heavy stress. Many may fold in the coming months. At the same time, I think there will also be an opportunity to purchase dislocated and distressed assets at very favorable pricing and significant discounts. And I believe that patient, discerning investors may be able to take advantage of once-in-a-decade or once-in-a-generation opportunities.
No new investments in real estate or any asset classes that are correlated with the unemployment or the business cycle until there is more clarity about the unknowns concerning the virus and the upcoming financial cliff.
Invest in assets that are coronavirus resistant (and uncorrelated with the business cycle). That includes:
Music royalties (which can actually do better in lockdowns due to increased streaming).
Life settlements (which actually perform better when people are dying faster and in any event aren't directly tied to the business cycle).
Litigation finance (which performs based on winning or losing cases, and also isn't directly tied to the business cycle).
Invest in coronavirus "portfolio insurance" (i.e. an investment that would be expected to do better the longer coronavirus continues or if it gets worse).
N95 Mask Manufacturing Company. If the pandemic should disappear tomorrow (which I personally am not counting on), I would be happy to take a small loss here given that the rest of my portfolio would be doing extremely well. On other hand, if Covid-19 doesn't disappear and things go as I expect (or worse), then this investment could provide a welcome profit boost and improve my diversification.
Continue to hold cash and be patient for dislocated and distressed opportunities. The worse the economic damage, the more chance there will be for those once-in-a-generation or once-in-a-lifetime opportunities.
My opinions and strategy will change if we get some better or worse news on the science side or in some of the other X factors. For example, a new stimulus law could shift things in a more positive direction. And, as I mentioned above, the virus getting out of control again in large areas and forcing large lock-downs a second or third time, could easily make things worse.
Third U.S. death wave slows, but continues to rise; Crystal ball: Third infection wave continues to flatten, but may not last as Americans ignore health advice and set pandemic record for holiday travel; World round up: Crisis intensifies in South Korea, Belgium and the United Kingdom. State Roundup: "If people don't stay home for Christmas it will break our hospital"; Georgia’s bellwether economic recovery: Revisited next week; Unemployment: "The beatings will continue until morale improves"; Financial cliff: After conclusion of epic struggle to compromise, rug pulled out from under both parties at 11th hour by White House; CBRE report predicts commercial real estate’s pandemic pain is only just beginning; Experts suspect new highly contagious UK variant mutation may already be in the U.S. Update on my portfolio strategy.